Explore Testimony

View powerful testimony from survivors and witnesses of genocides in this curated library. To extend the learning, download the paired classroom activities geared toward middle and high school students.
Arshag Dickranian
Born 1905, Turkey

During the Armenian Genocide, Arshag lived in a camp in Konya, where his family bribed officials to escape deportation. For safety he moved to Istanbul when he was 13, immigrating to the U.S. in 1923.

Esther Bem
Born 1930, Yugoslavia

Esther’s family moved to Italy under false identities during the Second World War. After the war, she moved back to Yugoslavia and started a family, later migrating to Canada.

Floyd Dade
Born 1924, Texas

A soldier in the 761st Tank Battalion, a segregated unit of the U.S. Army, Floyd helped liberate the Gunskirchen concentration camp. He moved to California to be near his sister after the war.

Freddy Mutanguha
Born 1976, Burundi

Freddy went into hiding with the help of one of his Hutu classmates during the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. He was reunited with his sister, his only surviving family member, in 1995.

Guixiang Chen
Born 1923, China

An orphan, Guixiang was forced to fend for herself to survive the Nanjing Massacre, hiding in a hay stack and then a hole she dug herself. At 15, she became a child bride and started a family.

Harry Thalheimer
Born 1922, Germany

Harry and his family were sent to Buchenwald when he was 15. After escaping and moving to the U.S., Harry served as an army cook and opened two delicatessens after the war.

Itka Zygmuntowicz
Born 1926, Poland

Itka’s family lived in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1941. After being sent to Auschwitz II-Birkenau, Itka was separated from her family members, who were all killed. In 1953, Itka migrated to the U.S.

Katsugo Miho
Born 1922, Hawaii

Katsugo joined the U.S. Army after the attack on Pearl Harbor, where he faced anti-Japanese discrimination. Katsugo worked to liberate concentration camps in Germany and pursued a political career following this war.

Kizito Kalima
Born 1979, Rwanda

Kizito went into hiding during the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda until he was liberated in July 1994. He later moved to Uganda, where his basketball skills helped him move to the U.S.

Kurt Klein
Born 1920, Germany

Kurt’s parents sent him to the U.S. when he was 17 to protect him from the Nazis. After becoming a U.S. soldier in 1942, he helped liberate Jewish survivors in Czechoslovakia, where he met his wife.

Margaret Lambert
Born 1914, Germany

After competing in the Olympics in 1936, Margaret fled to the U.S, retiring her sports career. She sponsored the immigration of fellow athlete Bruno Lambert, who she later married.

Marie-Grace Mukabyagaju
Born 1962, Rwanda

Marie-Grace moved throughout Rwanda to escape persecution before and during the Genocide against the Tutsi. After the liberation of Kigali in 1994, she returned home to rebuild her family.

Roméo Dallaire
Born 1946, Netherlands

Lt. Gen. Dallaire was Force Commander of the UN Assistance Mission in Rwanda during the Genocide against the Tutsi, where his work saved thousands of lives. He served in the Canadian Senate after the war.

About The Partners

USC Shoah Foundation


USC Shoah Foundation - The Institute for Visual History and Education is dedicated to making audio-visual interviews with survivors and other witnesses of the Holocaust and other genocides, a compelling voice for education and action. The Institute's current collection of 55,000 eyewitness testimonies contained within its Visual History Archive preserves history as told by the people who lived it, and lived through it. Housed at the University of Southern California, within the Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, the Institute works with partners around the world to advance scholarship and research, to provide resources and online tools for educators, and to disseminate the testimonies for educational purposes. 

Discovery Education


Discovery Education is the global leader in standards-based digital content for K-12 transforming teaching and learning with award-winning digital textbooks, multimedia content, professional development and the largest professional learning community of its kind. Serving 4.5 million educators and over 50 million students, Discovery Education's services are available in approximately half of U.S. classrooms, 50 percent of all primary schools in the UK, and more than 50 countries worldwide. Inspired by the global media company Discovery Inc, Discovery Education partners with districts, states and like-minded organizations to captivate students, empower teachers , and transform classrooms with customized solutions that increase academic achievement, and is powered by Discovery Inc. (NASDAQ: DISCA, DISCB, DICSK). Explore the future of education at DiscoveryEducation.com.